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What is Endodontics?


Endodontics is the branch of dentistry that is concerned with the morphology, physiology and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic clinical sciences including biology of the normal pulp; the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp, and associated periradicular conditions.
The scope of endodontics includes, but is not limited to:
•  The differential diagnosis and treatment of oral pain of pulpal and/or periradicular origin;
•  Vital pulp therapy, such as pulp capping and pulpotomy;
•  Nonsurgical treatment of root canal systems with or without periradicular pathosis of pulpal origin and the obturation of these root canal
•  systems;
•  Selective surgical removal of pathologic tissues resulting from pulpal pathosis;
•  Repair procedures related to such surgical removal of pathologic tissues;
•  Intentional replantation and replantation of avulsed teeth;
•  Surgical removal of tooth structure, such as root-end resection, hemisection, bicuspidization and root resection;
•  Root-end filling;
•  Endodontic implants;
•  Bleaching of discolored dentin and enamel;
•  Retreatment of teeth previously treated endodontically; and
•  Treatment procedures related to coronal restorations by means of post and/or cores involving the root canal space.

The endodontic specialist is responsible for the advancement of endodontic knowledge through research; the transmission of information concerning the most recent advances in biologically acceptable procedures and materials; and the education of the public as to the importance of endodontics in keeping the dentition in a physiologically functional state for the maintenance of oral and systemic health.


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